Hintergrundkarten: Unterschied zwischen den Versionen

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Siehe auch [[Web Map Tiling]] || [[QGIS - Tipps und Tricks#Hintergrund-Karten]] || [[Making_Maps_from_OpenStreetMap_Data#Map_Gallery]]
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See also:
 +
* '''[[QGIS - Tipps und Tricks#Hintergrund-Karten|Hintergrund-Karten für QGIS]]''' (e.g. XYZ Server, QuickMapServices)
 +
* [[Web Map Tiling]] und (More about Tiling Standards...)
 +
* [[Making_Maps_from_OpenStreetMap_Data#Map_Gallery|OSM Basemaps Galery]]
  
Verwandte Begriffe: Grundkarten, Basiskarten, Basemaps (en.)
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Related terms: Basiskarten, Basemaps (en.), Grundkarten.
  
== Uebersicht ==
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== Our favourites ==
  
Kostenlose Basiskarten ohne Anmeldung/API-Key:
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See these config. files '''>> [[Media:Raster_TMS.zip|Raster_TMS.zip]] <<''' (XML) suitable for [[QGIS]]/[[GDAL]] containing G* Maps and G* Satellite (each Mercator as CRS) and OSM.ch (CRS LV03).
 +
 
 +
In [[QGIS]] load these XML files simply using "Add Raster Layer...".
 +
 
 +
Our favourite freely accessible basemaps are:
 +
* osm.org Standard (credits: OpenStreetMap contributors): http://tile.openstreetmap.org/{z}/{x}/{y}.png
 +
* Swiss OSM Standard (credits: SOSM.ch): http://tile.osm.ch/switzerland/{z}/{x}/{y}.png
 +
* OSM Swiss Style (credits: SOSM.ch): http://tile.osm.ch/osm-swiss-style/{z}/{x}/{y}.png
 +
* German Style (credits: OSM germany): http://tile.openstreetmap.de/tiles/osmde/{z}/{x}/{y}.png
 +
* OpenTopoMap (credits: University Erlangen-Nürnberg): https://opentopomap.org/{z}/{x}/{y}.png
 +
* Watercolor (credits: Stamen): http://tile.stamen.com/watercolor/{z}/{x}/{y}.jpg
 +
 
 +
Please use these web map services responsibly!
 +
 
 +
And note that there are other great styles available at CartoDB, Stamen or MapBox which often require an API key.
 +
 
 +
== Overview==
  
 
{| class="prettytable sortable"
 
{| class="prettytable sortable"
|+ style="padding-bottom:1em;" | Übersicht
+
|+ style="padding-bottom:1em;" | Free base maps without API-Key
 
|- bgcolor="#e0e0e0"
 
|- bgcolor="#e0e0e0"
! Name                                      || URL                              || Typ || width="5%"|CRS ||Zoom|| Region  || Datenquelle || Aktualisierung || Restriktionen || Mehr Info... || class="unsortable"|Beschreibung
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! Name                                      || URL                              || Type || width="5%"|CRS ||Zoom|| Region  || Source|| Update|| Restrictions|| More about... || class="unsortable"|Description
 
|-                                                                   
 
|-                                                                   
| QGISCloud OSM-CH                          || tiles.qgiscloud.com/osm-ch/wmts/  || WMTS Restful || 21781 ||0-21|| Welt    || OSM        || stündlich      || frei          || http://qgiscloud.com  || ?
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| QGISCloud OSM-CH                          || tiles.qgiscloud.com/osm-ch/wmts/  || WMTS Restful || 21781 ||0-21|| World|| OSM        || hourly|| free|| http://qgiscloud.com  || ?
 
|- bgcolor="#eeeeee"                                                                                                                           
 
|- bgcolor="#eeeeee"                                                                                                                           
| Schweizer Karte von SOSM(LV03)             || tile.osm.ch                       || XYZ          || 21781 ||0-14|| Schweiz || OSM        || k.A.          || frei          || k.A.  || ?
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| Swiss map by SOSM(LV03)                   || tile.osm.ch/21781/                || XYZ          || 21781 ||0-14|| Switzerland|| OSM        || n/A         || free|| [http://www.osm.ch/]   || ?
 
|-                                                                                                                                             
 
|-                                                                                                                                             
| Schweizer Karte Swiss Style von SOSM (LV95) || tile.osm.ch/osm-swiss-style || XYZ          ||? ||0-18|| Schweiz  || OSM        || k.A.          || frei          || k.A.   || ?
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| Swiss Map "Swiss Style" by SOSM (LV95) || tile.osm.ch/osm-swiss-style || XYZ          ||? ||0-18|| Switzerland|| OSM        || n/A         || free|| [http://www.osm.ch/]  || ?
 
|-  
 
|-  
| Schweizer Karte von SOSM(Mercator)        || tile.osm.ch/switzerland|| XYZ||?||0-18||Schweiz||OSM||?||?||?||?
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| Swiss map by SOSM(Mercator)        || tile.osm.ch/switzerland|| XYZ||?||0-18||Switzerland||OSM||?||?||[http://www.osm.ch/]||?
 +
|-
 +
| Swiss map by SOSM(LV95)            || tile.osm.ch|| XYZ||2056||0-18||Switzerland||OSM||?||?||[http://www.osm.ch/]||?
 +
|-
 +
| "ÖPNV"-map                                || tile.memomaps.de/tilegen|| XYZ||?||0-17||world||?||?||?||[http://www.öpnvkarte.de/]||?
 +
|-
 +
| "Wanderreitkarte" (hiking and horseback riding map) || www.wanderreitkarte.de/topo|| XYZ||?||0-17||europe||?||?||?||[http://www.wanderreitkarte.de/]||?
 +
|-
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| Stamen Toner                              || tile.stamen.com/toner|| XYZ||?||0-17||world||?||?||?||[http://maps.stamen.com/#toner/12/37.7706/-122.3782]||?
 +
|-
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| OpenCycleMap                              || tile.opencyclemap.org/cycle|| XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||?||[http://www.thunderforest.com/opencyclemap/]||?
 +
|-
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| MapQuestOpen                              || otile1.mqcdn.com/tiles/1.0.0/map|| XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||?||[http://company.mapquest.com/]||?
 +
|-
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| Hike and Bike                              || www.toolserver.org/tiles/hikebike/|| XYZ||?||0-17||world||?||?||?||[http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Hike_%26_Bike_Map]||?
 +
|-
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| OSM Mapnik                                || tile.openstreetmap.org|| XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||?||[http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Mapnik]||?
 +
|-
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| OSM Mapnik (de)                            || tile.openstreetmap.de/tiles/osmde|| XYZ||?||0-17||world||?||?||?||[http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/Mapnik]||?
 +
|-
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| Geofabrik                                  || tile.geofabrik.de/ ||XYZ ||3857 ||0-17||world||OSM ||daily||fee required||[http://www.geofabrik.de/maps/tiles.html] ||?
 +
|-
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| Geofabrik Topo                            || tile.geofabrik.de/ ||XYZ ||3857 ||0-18||world||OSM ||daily||fee required||[http://www.geofabrik.de/maps/tiles.html] ||?
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|-
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| Geofabrik(de)                              || tile.geofabrik.de/ ||XYZ ||3857 ||0-17||world||OSM ||daily||fee required||[http://www.geofabrik.de/maps/tiles.html] ||?
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|-
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| OpenStreetMap Default                      || tile.openstreetmap.org||XYZ ||? ||0-18||world||OSM||?||free||- ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| Schweizer Karte von SOSM(LV95)            || tile.osm.ch|| XYZ||2056||0-18||Schweiz||OSM||?||?||?||?
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| OpenStreetMap German Style                || tile.openstreetmap.de/tiles/osmde||XYZ||?||0-18||world||OSM||?||free||[http://openstreetmap.de/] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| ÖPNV-Karte                                || tile.memomaps.de/tilegen|| XYZ||?||0-17||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| OpenStreetMap Black and White              || www.toolserver.org/tiles/bw-mapnik||XYZ||?||0-18||world||OSM||?||free||[http://www.d3noob.org/2014/02/using-open-street-map-black-and-white.html] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| Wanderreitkarte                            || www.wanderreitkarte.de/topo|| XYZ||?||0-17||Europa||?||?||?||?||?
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| OpenStreetMap H.O.T.                      || tile.openstreetmap.fr/hot||XYZ||? ||0-18||world||?||?||free||[http://hot.openstreetmap.org/] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| Stamen Toner                              || a.tile.stamen.com/toner|| XYZ||?||0-17||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| ThunderforestOpenCycleMap                  || tile.thunderforest.com/cycle||XYZ||? ||0-18||world||?||?||free||[http://www.thunderforest.com/opencyclemap/] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| OpenCycleMap                              || a.tile.opencyclemap.org/cycle|| XYZ||?||0-18||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| Thunderforest Transport                    || tile.thunderforest.com/transport||XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||free||[http://www.thunderforest.com/transport/] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| MapQuestOpen                              || otile1.mqcdn.com/tiles/1.0.0/map|| XYZ||?||0-18||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| Thunderforest Landscape                    || tile.thunderforest.com/landscape||XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||free||[http://www.thunderforest.com/landscape/] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| Hike and Bike                             || a.www.toolserver.org/tiles/hikebike/|| XYZ||?||0-17||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| Hydda Full                             || tile.openstreetmap.se/hydda/full||XYZ||?||0-18||world||OSM||?||free||[http://openstreetmap.se/tjanster] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| OSM Mapnik                                || a.tile.openstreetmap.org|| XYZ||?||0-18||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| MapQuest Aerial                        || oatile3.mqcdn.com/tiles/1.0.0/sat||XYZ||?||0-11||world||?||?||free|| [http://www.mapquest.com/satellite-maps/] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| OSM Mapnik (de)                            || tile.openstreetmap.de/tiles/osmde|| XYZ||?||0-17||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| MapBox Example                          || tiles.mapbox.com/v3/examples.map-zr0njcqy||XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||registration needed||[https://www.mapbox.com/] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| Geofabrik                                  || tile.geofabrik.de/549e80f319af070f8ea8d0f149a149c2|| XYZ||?||0-17||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| Stamen Watercolor|| tile.stamen.com/watercolor||XYZ||? ||0-16||world||?||?||free||[http://maps.stamen.com/watercolor/#12/37.7706/-122.3775] ||?
 
|-
 
|-
| Geofabrik Topo                            || b.tile.geofabrik.de/15173cf79060ee4a66573954f6017ab0  || XYZ||?||0-18||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| Esri WorldStreetMap|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Street_Map/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=3b93337983e9436f8db950e38a8629af] || *
 
|-
 
|-
| Geofabrik(de)                              || tile.geofabrik.de/23228979966ae9040ceb0597251e12a2|| XYZ||?||0-17||Welt||?||?||?||?||?
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| Esri DeLorme|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/Specialty/DeLorme_World_Base_Map/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-11||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=b165c3df453e4be6b5ac4fdb241effbe] || *
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| Esri WorldTopoMap|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Topo_Map/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=30e5fe3149c34df1ba922e6f5bbf808f&_ga] || *
 +
|-
 +
| Esri WorldImagery|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Imagery/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-18||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=10df2279f9684e4a9f6a7f08febac2a9] || *
 +
|-
 +
| Esri WorldTerrain|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Terrain_Base/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-9||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=c61ad8ab017d49e1a82f580ee1298931] || *
 +
|-
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| Esri WorldShadedRelief|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Shaded_Relief/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-13||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=9c5370d0b54f4de1b48a3792d7377ff2] || *
 +
|-
 +
| Esri WorldPhysical|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Physical_Map/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-8||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=c4ec722a1cd34cf0a23904aadf8923a0] || *
 +
|-
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| Esri OceanBasemap|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/Ocean_Basemap/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-10||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=6348e67824504fc9a62976434bf0d8d5] || *
 +
|-
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| Esri NatGeoWorldMap|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/NatGeo_World_Map/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-12||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=b9b1b422198944fbbd5250b3241691b6] || *
 +
|-
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| Esri WorldGrayCanvas|| server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/Canvas/World_Light_Gray_Base/MapServer/tile||XYZ||?||0-16||world||?||?||ArcGIS registration needed||[http://www.arcgis.com/home/item.html?id=8b3d38c0819547faa83f7b7aca80bd76] || *
 +
|-
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| Acetate|| a3.acetate.geoiq.com/tiles/acetate-base||XYZ||? ||0-7||world||?||?||registration needed||[http://www.geoiq.com/products/geoiq-acetate] || ?
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|-
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| basemap.at|| http://www.basemap.at/wmts/1.0.0/WMTSCapabilities.xml||WMTS Restful||? ||0-7||Austria||?||?||open data||[http://www.basemap.at] || ?
 +
|-
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|}
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 +
 +
  
|}
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* To access Esri-map tiles, the formatting at the end of the URL is "{z}/{y}/{x}" without an image file extension. (instead of the usual "{z}/{x}/{y}.png" (/jpeg, etc.).
  
== Weitere... ==
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== More ... ==
  
Weitere Basiskarten, kostenlos mit Anmeldung und/oder kostenpflichtig:
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Additional base maps (free, with registration and/or fee required):
 
* Google Maps  
 
* Google Maps  
 
* Bing
 
* Bing
 
* HERE
 
* HERE
* MapBox: http://www.mapbox.com
+
* MapBox: http://www.mapbox.com ; Tip für MapBox Basemaps in QGIS: [http://gijs.github.io//blog/2015/01/19/custom-mapbox-xyz-layers-in-qgis/]
* Lyrk Geodienste: https://geodienste.lyrk.de/
+
* Lyrk geo services: https://geodienste.lyrk.de/
 +
* Leaflet-Providers http://leaflet-extras.github.io/leaflet-providers/preview/
  
== Beispiele ==
+
== Additional sources ==
  
 +
* [http://wiki.openstreetmap.org/wiki/DE:List_of_OSM_based_Services List of OSM based Services] on wiki.openstreetmap.org
 
* Geofabrik's [http://tools.geofabrik.de/mc/#15/49.0094/8.3902&num=8&mt0=mapnik&mt1=google-map&mt2=bing-map&mt3=mapnik-german&mt4=google-satellite&mt5=bing-satellite&mt6=cyclemap&mt7=public_transport Map Compare]
 
* Geofabrik's [http://tools.geofabrik.de/mc/#15/49.0094/8.3902&num=8&mt0=mapnik&mt1=google-map&mt2=bing-map&mt3=mapnik-german&mt4=google-satellite&mt5=bing-satellite&mt6=cyclemap&mt7=public_transport Map Compare]
 +
* [http://leaflet-extras.github.io/leaflet-providers/ map comparision by Andi]
 +
* http://sharemap.org/site/Background_providers
 
* <s>[https://twitter.com/OpenWhateverMap OpenWhateverMap]</s>
 
* <s>[https://twitter.com/OpenWhateverMap OpenWhateverMap]</s>
 +
 +
See also [[Web Map Tiling]]

Aktuelle Version vom 2. Mai 2020, 22:58 Uhr

See also:

Related terms: Basiskarten, Basemaps (en.), Grundkarten.

Our favourites

See these config. files >> Raster_TMS.zip << (XML) suitable for QGIS/GDAL containing G* Maps and G* Satellite (each Mercator as CRS) and OSM.ch (CRS LV03).

In QGIS load these XML files simply using "Add Raster Layer...".

Our favourite freely accessible basemaps are:

Please use these web map services responsibly!

And note that there are other great styles available at CartoDB, Stamen or MapBox which often require an API key.

Overview

Free base maps without API-Key
Name URL Type CRS Zoom Region Source Update Restrictions More about... Description
QGISCloud OSM-CH tiles.qgiscloud.com/osm-ch/wmts/ WMTS Restful 21781 0-21 World OSM hourly free http://qgiscloud.com  ?
Swiss map by SOSM(LV03) tile.osm.ch/21781/ XYZ 21781 0-14 Switzerland OSM n/A free [1]  ?
Swiss Map "Swiss Style" by SOSM (LV95) tile.osm.ch/osm-swiss-style XYZ ? 0-18 Switzerland OSM n/A free [2]  ?
Swiss map by SOSM(Mercator) tile.osm.ch/switzerland XYZ ? 0-18 Switzerland OSM ? ? [3] ?
Swiss map by SOSM(LV95) tile.osm.ch XYZ 2056 0-18 Switzerland OSM ? ? [4] ?
"ÖPNV"-map tile.memomaps.de/tilegen XYZ ? 0-17 world ? ? ? [5] ?
"Wanderreitkarte" (hiking and horseback riding map) www.wanderreitkarte.de/topo XYZ ? 0-17 europe ? ? ? [6] ?
Stamen Toner tile.stamen.com/toner XYZ ? 0-17 world ? ? ? [7] ?
OpenCycleMap tile.opencyclemap.org/cycle XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? ? [8] ?
MapQuestOpen otile1.mqcdn.com/tiles/1.0.0/map XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? ? [9] ?
Hike and Bike www.toolserver.org/tiles/hikebike/ XYZ ? 0-17 world ? ? ? [10] ?
OSM Mapnik tile.openstreetmap.org XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? ? [11] ?
OSM Mapnik (de) tile.openstreetmap.de/tiles/osmde XYZ ? 0-17 world ? ? ? [12] ?
Geofabrik tile.geofabrik.de/ XYZ 3857 0-17 world OSM daily fee required [13] ?
Geofabrik Topo tile.geofabrik.de/ XYZ 3857 0-18 world OSM daily fee required [14] ?
Geofabrik(de) tile.geofabrik.de/ XYZ 3857 0-17 world OSM daily fee required [15] ?
OpenStreetMap Default tile.openstreetmap.org XYZ ? 0-18 world OSM ? free - ?
OpenStreetMap German Style tile.openstreetmap.de/tiles/osmde XYZ ? 0-18 world OSM ? free [16] ?
OpenStreetMap Black and White www.toolserver.org/tiles/bw-mapnik XYZ ? 0-18 world OSM ? free [17] ?
OpenStreetMap H.O.T. tile.openstreetmap.fr/hot XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? free [18] ?
ThunderforestOpenCycleMap tile.thunderforest.com/cycle XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? free [19] ?
Thunderforest Transport tile.thunderforest.com/transport XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? free [20] ?
Thunderforest Landscape tile.thunderforest.com/landscape XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? free [21] ?
Hydda Full tile.openstreetmap.se/hydda/full XYZ ? 0-18 world OSM ? free [22] ?
MapQuest Aerial oatile3.mqcdn.com/tiles/1.0.0/sat XYZ ? 0-11 world ? ? free [23] ?
MapBox Example tiles.mapbox.com/v3/examples.map-zr0njcqy XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? registration needed [24] ?
Stamen Watercolor tile.stamen.com/watercolor XYZ ? 0-16 world ? ? free [25] ?
Esri WorldStreetMap server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Street_Map/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [26] *
Esri DeLorme server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/Specialty/DeLorme_World_Base_Map/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-11 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [27] *
Esri WorldTopoMap server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Topo_Map/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [28] *
Esri WorldImagery server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Imagery/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-18 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [29] *
Esri WorldTerrain server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Terrain_Base/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-9 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [30] *
Esri WorldShadedRelief server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Shaded_Relief/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-13 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [31] *
Esri WorldPhysical server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/World_Physical_Map/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-8 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [32] *
Esri OceanBasemap server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/Ocean_Basemap/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-10 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [33] *
Esri NatGeoWorldMap server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/NatGeo_World_Map/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-12 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [34] *
Esri WorldGrayCanvas server.arcgisonline.com/ArcGIS/rest/services/Canvas/World_Light_Gray_Base/MapServer/tile XYZ ? 0-16 world ? ? ArcGIS registration needed [35] *
Acetate a3.acetate.geoiq.com/tiles/acetate-base XYZ ? 0-7 world ? ? registration needed [36]  ?
basemap.at http://www.basemap.at/wmts/1.0.0/WMTSCapabilities.xml WMTS Restful ? 0-7 Austria ? ? open data [37]  ?



* To access Esri-map tiles, the formatting at the end of the URL is "{z}/{y}/{x}" without an image file extension. (instead of the usual "{z}/{x}/{y}.png" (/jpeg, etc.).

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Additional base maps (free, with registration and/or fee required):

Additional sources

See also Web Map Tiling